PSY333 Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

PSY333 Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

 

Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

Semester

:

Spring

Year

:

2021

Course Title   

:

Motivation

Course Code  

:

PSY333

 

Submission Date

:

 

To be completed by the student

Student Name(s)

:

 

Student ID(s)

:

 

Department

:

 

Major(s)                

:

 

Section

:

U2-V7

Integrity Statement

:

“I affirm that I completed my assignment on my own abiding by the rules in ACM Student Handbook. I did not receive any external help, use any unlawful resources or commit plagiarism.”

Signature

:

 

 

Grading Scheme

Question

Earned Points

Max. Points

Question

Earned Points

Max. Points

1

 

30

3

 

20

2

 

30

4

 

20

 

Total Earned Points

Total Available Points

Instructor Name

 

100

Havva Tuba Aktas

Important Notes:

–          Any attempt at plagiarism will be reported. All ACM handbook academic misconduct rules will be applied.

–          It is the responsibility of the student to submit this online exam paper to the instructed online platform (Moodle, Turnitin)

 

                                                      

                                                            

PSY333

SPRING 2021

Final Assessment 15%

                                                         

Question II

Write a, b, or c

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

6

 

7

 

8

 

9

 

10

 

Total

           /30

Answer sheet

Question I

True -false

1.       

 

2.       

 

3.       

 

4.       

 

5.       

 

6.       

 

7.       

 

8.       

 

9.       

 

10.   

 

Total

           /30

 

Question IV

1.       James-Lange Theory

 

2.       Canon-Bard Theory

 

3.       Two-factor Theory

 

4.       Cognitive appraisal Theory

 

Total:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I.                    Read the following classical conditioning examples carefully and decide whether the statements related to them are TRUE or FALSE. (3 points each)

 

A)      In order to treat bedwetting, a pad that is sensitive to dampness is placed under the sheets. When this pad becomes wet, it sounds an alarm and you wake up. Eventually you don’t need the alarm to wake up and your bladder will wake you up.

 

1.       In this scenario, waking up is the unconditioned and conditioned stimulus.           T / F

2.       Waking up with the alarm is conditioned response.  T / F

3.       Sound of the alarm is the conditioned stimulus.         T / F

4.       Wetting the bed is the unconditioned response.     T / F

5.       You are conditioned to wake up without the presence of a stimulus.            T / F

 

B)      For the last few years, you received your paycheck every Sunday. You have had a new job for the last 6 months. Even though in your new job you receive your paycheck on different days, you still feel good on Sundays.

 

6.       In this scenario, Sunday is the unconditioned and conditioned stimulus.           T / F

7.       Being happy for receiving the paycheck is conditioned response.    T / F

8.       Sunday is the conditioned stimulus. T / F

9.       Receiving your paycheck is the unconditioned response.     T / F

10.   You are conditioned to feel good on Sundays without the presence of a stimulus.  T / F

 

 

II.                 Read the following questions carefully and choose the correct option. (3 points each)

 

1. ______ is the first question we ask in “Attribution Theory”.

a)          How

b)         Who

c)          Why

 

2. Fritz Heider’s Naïve Psychology is also called as the ‘common sense psychology’ because ______

a)             it sees people as amateur scientists who are trying to understand others’ behavior by collecting information until they arrive at a reasonable explanation.

b)            it sees people as professional scientists who are trying to understand others’ behavior by collecting valuable scientific data until they can explain the situation.

c)             it sees people as amateur scientists who are trying to attribute a meaning to others’ behavior by thinking deeply about it until they arrive at a reasonable explanation.

 

3. According to Naïve Psychology, internal dispositional attributions are related to ________________.

a)          abilities, personality, and motives

b)         abilities, task difficulty, and luck

c)          luck, random, and task difficulty

 

4. Which one of the following is NOT an example of ‘Self-serving Bias’?

a)          I did not study for this test enough, and thus I got a D.

b)         The instructor prepared a very difficult test and gave me an F.

c)          As a group, we were a little laid back, and it resulted in poor performance.

 

5. According to Covariation Theory by Kelley, people need more than one piece of information when forming opinions about others. Which one of the following is true for distinctiveness?

a)          Distinctiveness is the frequency of the behavior

b)         Distinctiveness is the behavior of others in the same situation

c)          Distinctiveness is the uniqueness of the behavior

 

6. People believe that their thoughts and actions are normal to everybody and are prevalent. This is ___________.

a)          self-serving Bias

b)         false Consensus

c)          social facilitation

 

7. Fundamental Attribution Error is our tendency to attribute behavior to stable internal characteristics and under-estimate the influence of situational factors. Which one of the following is NOT a reason for Fundamental Attribution Error?

a)       Personal experience influences the way we see the behavior.

b)      We may be totally aware of the situational factors

c)       We fail to fully understand the importance of situational factors.

 

 

8. In Mastery Orientation theory, which one of the following is NOT a behavioral feature of mastery-oriented people?

a)          Blame others

b)         Spend effort to progress

c)          Take all life events generally for everyone

 

9. Which one of the following is true in a satisfied marriage?

a)          Positive behaviors are mostly attributed to external causes.

b)         Positive behaviors like generosity are attributed to internal causes.

c)          There is no negative behavior; everything is considered as positive.

 

 

10.   Which one of the following is correct for Controllability in Casual Dimensions?

a)          Effort is not controllable.

b)         Luck is controllable

c)          Ability is not controllable

 

 

III.               Explain 4 Phases of Observational Learning by Albert Bandura. Link your explanations to Bobo Doll experiment. (20 Points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rubric for Question III.

 

4

3

2

1

There is evidence that Phase 1 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 2 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 3 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 4 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

It is clear that the Bobo Doll experiment is watched and understood. The information is facilitated effectively.

 

 

 

 

Total:          /20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV.               Match the below emotion-motivation theories to their explanations. (20 points)

Theories

Explanations

1. James-Lange Theory

A. Bodily reaction and the emotion happens at the same time, not one before the other. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. Your heart starts beating faster and your muscles get tighter. At the same time, you feel afraid.

2. Canon-Bard Theory

B. Thinking occurs before the bodily reaction and emotion. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. You think first and find out how to react. Based on your decision, to run away, your heart starts beating faster, your muscles get tighter, and at the same time you feel afraid.

3. Two-factor Theory

C. Bodily and cognitive awareness happens at the same time. These two arousals lead to the emotion. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. Your heart starts beating faster, your muscles get tighter, and your mind recognized the feeling. After these, you feel afraid.

4. Cognitive appraisal Theory

D. Emotions do not cause but follow the behavioral reactions. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind, first you notice the bodily changes. Your heart starts beating faster and your muscles get tighter. Then you interpret these as fear, and you feel afraid.

 

PSY333 Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

PSY333 Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

 

Final Assessment 15% – Individual Submission

Semester

:

Spring

Year

:

2021

Course Title   

:

Motivation

Course Code  

:

PSY333

Instructor(s)

:

Havva Tuba Aktas

(Includes names of all instructors teaching this course)

Submission Date

:

 

To be completed by the student

Student Name(s)

:

 

Student ID(s)

:

 

Department

:

 

Major(s)                

:

 

Section

:

U2-V6

Integrity Statement

:

“I affirm that I completed my assignment on my own abiding by the rules in ACM Student Handbook. I did not receive any external help, use any unlawful resources or commit plagiarism.”

Signature

:

 

 

Grading Scheme

Question

Earned Points

Max. Points

Question

Earned Points

Max. Points

1

 

30

3

 

20

2

 

30

4

 

20

 

Total Earned Points

Total Available Points

Instructor Name

 

100

Havva Tuba Aktas

Important Notes:

–          Any attempt at plagiarism will be reported. All ACM handbook academic misconduct rules will be applied.

–          It is the responsibility of the student to submit this online exam paper to the instructed online platform (Moodle, Turnitin)

 

                                                      

                                                            

PSY333

SPRING 2021

Final Assessment 15%

                                                         

Question II

Write a, b, or c

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

6

 

7

 

8

 

9

 

10

 

Total

           /30

Answer sheet

Question I

True -false

1.       

 

2.       

 

3.       

 

4.       

 

5.       

 

6.       

 

7.       

 

8.       

 

9.       

 

10.   

 

Total

           /30

 

Question IV

1.       James-Lange Theory

 

2.       Canon-Bard Theory

 

3.       Two-factor Theory

 

4.       Cognitive appraisal Theory

 

Total:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I.                    Read the following classical conditioning examples carefully and decide whether the statements related to them are TRUE or FALSE. (3 points each)

 

A)      Suzy goes outside to play in her tree house. A swarm of bees has nested near her tree house, and she gets stung when she climbs up to the tree house. This happens three times in a week. Suzy becomes afraid to go near the tree and cries violently when her dad tries to get her to climb up the tree house.

 

1.       Getting stung by the bees is the unconditioned response since Suzy was not expecting to be attacked.       T / F

2.       Whenever she goes near the tree, she gets anxious. This is conditioned stimulus.                            T / F

3.       Climbing up to tree house in the first place is the conditioned stimulus.           T / F

4.       Feeling anxious and crying violently when going near the tree is unconditioned response.               T / F

5.       Feeling anxious and crying violently when going near the tree is conditioned response.                    T / F

 

B)      In a livestock farm, farmers were always fighting with coyotes that come in the farm and eat their sheep. They decided to inject the sheep carcasses with a poison that would make coyotes sick but not kill them. The plan worked by lowering the number of sheep killed because when coyotes killed a sheep to eat, they felt sick. It also caused some of the coyotes to develop such a strong aversion to sheep that they would actually run away at the scent or sight of a sheep.

6.       Feeling sick after eating the injected sheep is the unconditioned response since coyotes were not expecting to get sick.             T / F

7.       Whenever coyotes see or smell sheep, they feel sick. This is conditioned stimulus.                            T / F

8.       Killing and eating sheep in the first place is the conditioned stimulus.           T / F

9.       Feeling sick in the smell or sight of sheep is unconditioned response.                    T / F

10.   Feeling sick in the smell or sight of sheep is conditioned response.                  T / F

 

 

 

 

II.                 Read the following questions carefully and choose the correct option. (3 points each)

 

1. ______ is the first question we ask in “Attribution Theory”.

a)          How

b)         Who

c)          Why

 

2. Fritz Heider’s Naïve Psychology is also called as the ‘common sense psychology’ because ______

a)             it sees people as amateur scientists who are trying to understand others’ behavior by collecting information until they arrive at a reasonable explanation.

b)            it sees people as professional scientists who are trying to understand others’ behavior by collecting valuable scientific data until they can explain the situation.

c)             it sees people as amateur scientists who are trying to attribute a meaning to others’ behavior by thinking deeply about it until they arrive at a reasonable explanation.

 

3. According to Naïve Psychology, internal dispositional attributions are NOT related to ________________.

a)          luck, random, and task difficulty

b)         abilities, personality, and motives

c)          abilities, task difficulty, and luck

 

4. Which one of the following is true in a distressed marriage?

a)          Positive behaviors are mostly attributed to internal causes.

b)         Negative behaviors like yelling are attributed to internal causes.

c)          There is no positive behavior; everything is considered as negative.

 

5. According to Covariation Theory by Kelley, people need more than one piece of information when forming opinions about others. Which one of the following is true for consistency?

a)          Consistency is the uniqueness of the behavior

b)         Consistency is the behavior of the others

c)          Consistency is the frequency of the behavior

 

6. French croissants are bland, tasteless pastry. What possibly can someone like about them? This is ___________.

a)          self-serving Bias

b)         false Consensus

c)          social facilitation

 

7. Fundamental Attribution Error is our tendency to attribute behavior to stable internal characteristics and under-estimate the influence of situational factors. Which one of the following is NOT a reason for Fundamental Attribution Error?

a)       Personal experience influences the way we see the behavior.

b)      We may be totally aware of the situational factors

c)       We fail to fully understand the importance of situational factors.

 

 

8. In Mastery Orientation theory, which one of the following is a behavioral feature of helpless people?

a)          Blame others

b)         Spend effort to progress

c)          Blame self

 

9. The belief that people feel the same as we do about something is _____?

a)          Self-serving bias

b)         False consensus

c)          Controllability

 

10.   Which one of the following is correct for Locus in Casual Dimensions?

a)          Internal locus includes chance

b)         External locus includes effort

c)          Internal locus includes patience

 

 

III.               Explain 4 Phases of Observational Learning by Albert Bandura. Link your explanations to Bobo Doll experiment. (20 Points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rubric for Question III.

 

4

3

2

1

There is evidence that Phase 1 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 2 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 3 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

There is evidence that Phase 4 is well-understood, and the explanation is very good with a link to the experiment.

 

 

 

 

It is clear that the Bobo Doll experiment is watched and understood. The information is facilitated effectively.

 

 

 

 

Total:           /20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV.               Match the below emotion-motivation theories to their explanations. (20 points)

Theories

Explanations

1. James-Lange Theory

A. Bodily reaction and the emotion happens at the same time, not one before the other. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. Your heart starts beating faster and your muscles get tighter. At the same time, you feel afraid.

2. Canon-Bard Theory

B. Thinking occurs before the bodily reaction and emotion. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. You think first and find out how to react. Based on your decision, to run away, your heart starts beating faster, your muscles get tighter, and at the same time you feel afraid.

3. Two-factor Theory

C. Bodily and cognitive awareness happens at the same time. These two arousals lead to the emotion. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind. Your heart starts beating faster, your muscles get tighter, and your mind recognized the feeling. After these, you feel afraid.

4. Cognitive appraisal Theory

D. Emotions do not cause but follow the behavioral reactions. For example, when you are walking in the woods at night and hear a growling sound from behind, first you notice the bodily changes. Your heart starts beating faster and your muscles get tighter. Then you interpret these as fear, and you feel afraid.