“Eight Hours,” The Financier, “Under the Lion’s Paw,” “The Man with the Hoe,” ”The Biography of a Bootblack,” “The New Slavery in the South,” “Triangle Memorial Speech,’_’ “Sisters in the Flames,” “Rituals of Spring,” Babbitt, The Adding Machine, “Harlan: Workmg Under the Gun,” “I Want You Women Up North to Know,” “I Am a Woman Worker,” Waiting for Lefty, “I Have Seen Black Hands”
Each question should be answered in 5-7 sentences.
1. Discuss how one work from the Gilded Era and one work from the Progressive Era or the Roaring Twenties portrays the middle class in distinct ways. How and why did this portrayal change?
2. Discuss how two Gilded Era works address the gap between morality and business.
3. Discuss how one Gilded Era work and one post-Gilded Era work address the physical toll oflabor. What has changed in this portrayal over time?
4. Multiple works we have read include a worker “snapping” after feeling oppressed.
Discuss how this is portrayed in two works. What specific business philosophies drive these workers to snap?
5. Our society is made up of multiple institutions, such as schools, the government, the
church, corporations, unions, charities, police, etc. Discuss how individuals in two of our works have been “let down” by one or more of these institutions. How are these disappointments consistent with values and beliefs of the time periods?
6. One business strategy we have addressed repeatedly is an owner or manager keeping a worker in debt so the worker remains dependent. How is this strategy seen in two of our works? What loopholes do owners or managers exploit?
7. Our pre-l 930s works cover time periods of limited regulations for companies. How are these limited regulations portrayed in two of our works? What are the specific consequences of these limited regulations named in the works?
8. Several of our works involve workers talking about their value, value they feel is overlooked by people in power. This value is often addressed in grand terms. Discuss how speakers in two of our works describe their value and why they picked these particular descriptions.
9. Organized labor or unions are a popular topic in many of our works. Analyze how unions are portrayed in complicated ways in two pieces we have read.
10. Discuss how two of our works from or about the Progressive Era represent a call to action. What do the speakers or writers of these works want? Why do they express these wants in the way they do?
11. One common theme in our literature is human versus machine. Discuss how this theme is represented in two works from different eras (Gilded Era, Progressive Era, Roaring Twenties, or 1930s). How has the presentation of this theme changed over time?
12. The 1930s are classified as an era of legal and company reform. However, our works during this time period also address attempts to reform mindsets about labor, power, and workers. How do two of our works from the 1930s attempt to do this?