Human Anatomy discussion Questions

1.

(04.01 LC)
Which of the following occurs when blood vessels dilate? (2 points)

Increase in blood pressure

Decrease in blood pressure

Increase in blood volume

Decrease in blood volume

2.
(04.01 MC)
Which of the following blood vessels would have the slowest blood flow? (2 points)

A dilated vessel with high blood pressure

A constricted vessel with high blood pressure

A dilated vessel with low blood pressure

A constricted vessel with low blood pressure

3.
(04.01 MC)
Alcoholic beverages A) dilate the blood vessels and B) increase the amount of water removed from the blood. How would factors A and B affect blood pressure? (2 points)

Factor A would increase blood pressure while factor B would decrease blood pressure, causing no net change.

Factor A would decrease blood pressure while factor B would increase blood pressure, causing no net change.

Both factors would increase blood pressure.

Both factors would decrease blood pressure.

4.
(04.02 MC)
Which of the following is a result of elevated levels of white blood cells and reduced levels of red blood cells in the body? (2 points)

Efficiency of oxygen transport is reduced due to an infection.

Efficiency of nutrient transport is reduced due to an infection.

Efficiency of oxygen transport is reduced, but not due to an infection.

Efficiency of nutrient transport is reduced, but not due to an infection.

5.
(04.02 MC)

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Anemia is a condition in which there is an abmormally low amount of hemoglobin. Which component would be reduced in a person who is anemic? (2 points)

A

B

C

D

6.
(04.02 MC)
A teenage patient complains of frequently being tired and lethargic. The doctor notices the patient is pale and asks, “Do either of your parents have anemia?” Why is the doctor asking the patient this question? (2 points)

Anemia refers to a disease of the white blood cells that is caused by inadequate nutrition.

Anemia refers to a disease of the red blood cells that is caused by inadequate nutrition.

Anemia refers to a disease of the red blood cells that can be inherited.

Anemia refers to a disease of the white blood cells that can be inherited.

7.
(04.02 MC)
Why should a parent with erythroblastic anemia seek a genetic counselor before having children? (2 points)

Their children could inherit beta-thalassemia from their parents.

Their children could contract beta-thalassemia from direct contact with their parents.

Their children could inherit a heart murmur from their parents.

Their children could inherit a heart murmur from direct contact with their parents.

8.
(04.02 MC)
The following is an excerpt from the case study “It’s All Greek to Me”:
Dr. Stephens calls Mr. and Mrs. Stamos [and tells them]…’I am sorry to give you bad news. Nikoleta does have anemia [and] Nikoleta’s disorder has a genetic basis.’ ‘But neither one of us has any of the problems Nikoleta has. We aren’t tired all the time. We work out every day,’ replies Mr. Stamos.”
What is the basis for Mr. Stamos’s response? (2 points)

Anemia, reduces the amount of nutrients reaching body cells and can be passed on through DNA.

Anemia, reduces the amount of oxygen reaching body cells and can be passed on through DNA.

Anemia, reduces the amount of water reaching body cells and is passed on by airborne viruses.

Anemia, reduces the amount of protein reaching body cells and is passed on by airborne viruses.

9.
(04.03 LC)
A person’s red blood cells completely lack antigens. This person has blood type (2 points)

A

AB

B

O

10.
(04.03 MC)
A patient with type A blood is accidentally given a transfusion of type AB blood. Which of the following correctly describes what will happen in the patient’s body? (2 points)

Type A antibodies are formed in response to the A antigens.

Type B antigens are formed in response to the B antibodies.

Type B antibodies are formed in response to the B antigens.

Type A antigens are formed in response to the A antibodies.

11.
(04.03 MC)
What is the plug composed of during the clotting response? (2 points)

Platelets and blood plasma

Platelets and red blood cells

White blood cells and blood plasma

White blood cells and red blood cells

12.
(04.02 HC)
The following is an excerpt from the case study “It’s All Greek to Me”: “I am sorry to give you bad news. Nikoleta does have anemia but, unfortunately, giving her a high iron formula was exactly the opposite of what should be done. Nikoleta’s disorder has a genetic basis.”
Iron is an important structural component of hemoglobin. Explain why this treatment failed and how the true cause of Nikoleta’s anemia was discovered. (5-8 sentences)
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